What Are The Major Food Crops?

What is the most important food?

Over 50,000 plants are edible, but very few of them make any significant contribution to the human food supply….Most Important Staple Foods In The World.RankStaple FoodShare of Global Caloric Intake From All Sources1Maize Corn19.5%2Rice16.5%3Wheat15.0%4Cassava2.6%6 more rows•Jun 7, 2019.

Which plants produce the most food?

Growing high-yield vegetables is an easy way to maximize your growing space. High-yield crops are those that produce the most food per square foot of garden….6 High-yield vegetables: Pole Beans. … Peas. … Zucchini. … Salad Greens. … Tomatoes. … Cucumbers.

What are the major food crops in India?

Major crops grown in India are rice, wheat, millets, pulses, tea, coffee, sugarcane, oil seeds, cotton and jute, etc. of canal irrigation and tubewells have made it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall such as Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan.

What are the 4 cash crops?

Coffee, cocoa, tea, sugarcane, cotton, and spices are some examples of cash crops. Food crops such as rice, wheat, and corn are also grown as cash crops to meet the global food demand.

What is the number 1 crop in the world?

The largest crop in the world is sugar cane from Brazil followed by corn from the United States. Brazil produces over 700 million tons of sugar cane.

What are the three types of crops?

Cropping SeasonsS. NoCropping SeasonCrops1.RabiWheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard etc.2.KharifRice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean etc.3.ZaidSeasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops etc.Nov 2, 2019

Which crop is known as poor man’s meat?

PulsesPulses are known as the poor man’s meat because they are rich in nutrition and low in cost. Therefore, most low income populations can use this nutritious crop as their staple food.

What are the two types of crops?

Two major types of crops grow in India. Namely, Kharif and Rabi.

Which crop is grown most in India?

Sugar cane is the most produced food commodity in India followed by rice and wheat. Sugar cane is the most produced food commodity in India followed by rice and wheat.

What are the 7 major food crops?

List of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the worldRice. Temperature: 15°-27° C. … Wheat. Temperature: 12°-25°C. … Maize. Temperature: 15°-27°C. … Millets. Temperature: 20°-35°C. … Bajra (Pearl Millet) Temperature: 25°-35°C. … Pulses (Kharif) Temperature: 20° -27°C. … Lentil (Rabi) Temperature: 15° to 25°C. … Oilseeds.More items…•Sep 6, 2017

What are the main food crops?

Important food cropsCrop20002013Maize592,4791,016,740Rice599,355745,710Wheat585,691713,183Potato327,600368,0961 more row

What are the types of food crops?

Food crops – for human needs (e.g. wheat, maize, legumes, rice, potatoes, tomatoes). Feed crops – for cattle or livestock consumption (e.g. barley, beets, grasses for domestic animals to graze and store as hay or silage).